Postdoctoral fellowship to enhance the research training of promising postdoctoral candidates who have the potential to become productive, independent investigators in scientific health-related research fields relevant to the missions of the participating NIH Institutes and Centers.
It is only offered by some of the NIH institutes, and each seems to have different requirements, so you need to talk with the relevant program officers to get details and see if your situation fits.
Funding Amount: The funding amount varies based on the program.
Application Deadline: There are deadlines every 4 months, please view the website to see which is applicable for you.
In order to apply, you must have completed at least 1 and no more than 4 years of postdoctoral research by the January deadline.
Funding Amount: Up to $500,000 over 5 years.
Application Deadline: Preproposals are due around Sept. 1, and you must submit a full proposal in January.
For physician/scientists, this mentored research development awards aims to bridge the last years of postdoctoral/fellowship training and first years of a faculty position.
Funding Amount: $700,000 over five years
Application Deadline: Opens in June, ends in October
They don't seem to define what "complex systems science" is but Elad Ganmor from Elad Schneidman's lab got one so apparently at least some forms of theoretical neuroscience will qualify.
Funding Amount: $200,000 for 2-3 years.
Application Deadline: Application deadline in June for someone expecting to complete the Ph.D. in the following calendar year.
Women and minorities (Hispanic, Black, Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native), apparently of any nationality (but check with program officers), can apply in late Ph.D. or beginning postdoc years for postdoctoral work in the U.S.
Funding Amount: $70,000 annually
Application Deadline: Applications open in September and are due in January.
These fellowships are for initial stages of postdoctoral work in biomedical sciences. Apply in final stages of Ph.D. or first year of postdoc. Open to any citizenship, although "We expect that most applicants will reside in North America at the time of application."
Funding Amount: $54,000 annually (varies slightly per year)
Application Deadline: Application closes mid-June.